Naltrexone: The most common form of medication-assisted treatment is Naltrexone, which is an opioid antagonist. Taken orally, the use of Naltrexone blocks the effects of heroin, morphine, or other opiates in the brain. Naltrexone treatment can additionally be used for alcohol addiction which blocks the euphoric feelings of being intoxicated. As an extended-release form of Naltrexone, Vivitrol is a prescription injectable that can be used on a monthly basis. Southeast Addiction Center offers the administration of Naltrexone and Vivitrol as a Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) modality.
Buprenorphine: As a partial opioid antagonist, Buprenorphine (Suboxone) can be taken orally in pill or film form and is the medication for opioid dependence that can be prescribed or dispensed in a physicians office and taken from a home setting. First approved by the FDA in 2002, when taken appropriately in conjunction with counseling, Buprenorphine is safe effective to treat opioid dependency.
Methadone: Methadone is an opioid antagonist, and used to treat serious withdrawal symptoms for those suffering from heroin or opiate addiction. Methadone must be prescribed in a highly-structured treatment setting on a set schedule such as a clinic due to the fact that it produces similar effects to other opioids.