outpatient alcohol treatment

outpatient alcohol treatment

outpatient alcohol treatment

outpatient alcohol treatment

Woman looking out cabin window in emotional turmoil

Fentanyl Addiction

Fentanyl belongs to the class of drugs known as opioids. It is responsible for a large number of opioid related deaths and drug overdoses due to the potency of the drug. Another danger to fentanyl is that many people who die due to fentanyl overdose had no idea they were using fentanyl as this drug is commonly mixed together with other opioidal drugs such as heroin.

The Fentanyl Problem

Fentanyl has been commonly named the most dangerous drug in America. Pharmaceutical fentanyl is a synthetic opioid pain reliever which is used for treating severe pain in end-stage scenarios such as late-stage or terminal cancer. Morphine—another commonly abused pain drug, is significantly weaker than fentanyl. For comparison, fentanyl is 50 to 100 times more potent than that.

In the past decade, large quantities of illegally made fentanyl entered the United States. It hit many communities throughout the US—potentially starting in Ohio, where the daily death toll in 2015 was breaking all manner of records. These deaths were at first thought to be because of heroin, but upon further inspection they were soon found to be fentanyl.

Fentanyl is so deadly because of chain of addiction that follows from prescription opioids to heroin and then to fentanyl. Because fentanyl is so potent, it is significantly easier to miscalculate the dosage and overdose on it.

While the opioid crisis is finally seeing a curb, many people still suffer from opioid addiction and fentanyl continues to be a driving factor behind opioid deaths to this day.

Fentanyl Statistics

In 2016, synthetic opioids (primarily fentanyl) overtook prescription opioids as the most frequent drugs that are implicated in overdose deaths in the United States according to mortality data on drugabuse.gov. Similarly, in the same year 42,249 drug overdose deaths involved opioids.

If you read our article on the History of the Opioid Crisis then you are familiar with the 3 waves of the opioid epidemic in the United States. Fentanyl largely drove the third wave of overdose deaths as its introduction in the market and accessibility has dangerously left it laced into other drugs such as heroin for increased potency. However, because of that potency even the slightest mismanagement of the dose can have fatal results.

Earlier we mentioned that many people who overdose on fentanyl had no idea they were even doing it.

The CDC has found that the rate of drug overdose deaths that were involving synthetic opioids such as fentanyl and tramadol were responsible for a 10% increase from 9.0 in 2017 to 9.9 in 2018.

Fentanyl Physical Dependence and Withdrawal Symptoms

Typically, the more powerful a drug is the more potent the withdrawal symptoms are. In the case of fentanyl, withdrawal from the drug should never be done cold turkey. Due to how powerful fentanyl is, physical dependence on the drug begins quickly and progresses quickly.

Like many opioids, changes in the brain are happening the moment the drug is being taken. Of course, there are the primary pain relieving effects.

Withdrawal symptoms will vary depending on the method of administration for the drug. Fentanyl comes in a few different forms, most notably a transdermal patch, tablet, spray, oral lozenge, and injectable. Patches come in extended release forms which alters the period in which the person can expect the onset of withdrawal symptoms.

Withdrawal symptoms have a large range and vary in severity depending on the level of dependence and time since last dosing.

Symptoms include:

  • Sweating
  • Restlessness
  • Runny Nose
  • Chills
  • Bodily aches and pains
  • Gastrointestinal issues such as cramping
  • Muscle weakness
  • Nausea
  • Anorexia
  • Elevated heart rate
  • Hypertension
  • Insomnia
  • Anxiety and or depression

Withdrawal syndrome from opioids peaks just within a few days and begins to taper off after roughly a week. As with all intentional withdrawals, it is important that they be medically supervised to prevent any complications or issues from snowballing out of control. Apart from that, detoxes are difficult to endure but outcomes point to the fact that they are highly safe/survivable and are par the course for anyone looking to get sober.

Treatment for Fentanyl Addiction

Fentanyl addictions do not last long, not because people get better but because the drug is so deadly that drug overdose deaths are highly common. Detoxing from fentanyl is the first step to getting better. If you or a loved one is addicted to opioids such as fentanyl or heroin, it is imperative that you seek treatment and go through a medical detox program. While highly uncomfortable and difficult to endure depending on the severity of physical dependence, they are quite safe under medical supervision and are the first step to getting on the road to recovery.

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Southeast Addiction Center exists for one purpose: to help addicts establish sustainable recovery.